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19 Fun Sheep Facts: Things You Never Knew About These Cute Animals

Want to learn more about sheep? They are some of the cutest animals on the planet! Not to mention, they are very interesting creatures. In this blog post, we will share some sheep facts that you may not have known before. For example, did you know that sheep can recognize human faces? Or that they sleep with one eye open? Read on to learn more about these fascinating animals.

Here are 19 sheep facts you never knew

Sheep facts #1: Sheep are social animals.

Sheep live in groups. In the wild, they form herds of several hundred individuals. These herds migrate together in search of food and water. Herds offer protection from predators; a lone sheep is an easy target. Living in a group also means that sheep can better mate and reproduce. 

Domesticated sheep live in much smaller groups, often with just a few other sheep. However, they still have a strong social instinct and need to interact with other sheep. If they are kept alone, they will become anxious and stressed.

Sheep facts #2: Sheep can recognize human faces.

A recent study has shown that sheep can recognize human faces. Scientists believe that this ability is because sheep have social interactions with humans daily. This is an amazing discovery because it shows that sheep are much more intelligent than we previously thought.

So far, the research has only been conducted on a small number of sheep, but scientists believe that this ability is widespread in the sheep population. They are now planning to conduct further studies to see if other animals have this same ability.

Sheep facts #3: A pair of sheep is called a flock.

A pair or more of sheep is called a flock because they tend to stick together. They are social animals and enjoy being around other sheep. They don’t feel good when they are alone. But when they are with their flock mates, they feel safe and secure. They love being with their sheep friends.

So, if you see a pair of sheep, you can be sure that there will be more nearby. And if you see a flock of sheep, you can be sure that they will stick together no matter what.

Sheep facts #4: Sheep are very curious creatures.

They are also very playful and enjoy running and jumping around. They are always exploring their surroundings trying to figure out what is going on. This can sometimes lead them into trouble, but it also means that they are always learning new things.

Sheep facts #5: Baby sheep are called lambs.

There are a few different theories out there about why baby sheep are called lambs. One popular theory is that the word “lamb” comes from the Old English word “lamb”, which means “young animal”.

Sheep facts #6: Female sheep are called ewes and males are called rams.

Both words have been used to refer to sheep since the Middle Ages. Ewes and rams have been the traditional names for female and male sheep since medieval times. They’ve been passed down through the centuries and are now used worldwide.

Sheep fact #7: In 2020, there were about 5.2 million sheep and lambs in the United States.

There are over a billion sheep in the world. The global sheep population is concentrated in a few countries, with most sheep found in Australia, New Zealand, and China. In the US, there were about 5.2 million sheep and lambs in 2020. Sheep numbers have declined in recent years due to disease, and predation.

With so many sheep in the world, it’s no wonder that they play an important role in many cultures. In some parts of the world, sheep are considered a symbol of wealth and status.

See also: Pigs are smart and these 6 remarkable findings prove that!

Sheep facts #8: Sheep can sleep with one eye open.

Sheep are one of the most common prey animals in the world. As a result, they have evolved to be very vigilant while they sleep. Sleeping with one eye open allows them to keep watch for predators that might be lurking nearby. This behavior helps keep sheep safe from harm and ensures that the flock can continue grazing and growing without interruption.

While it may seem strange to us, sleeping with one eye open is a perfectly natural behavior for sheep. So, the next time you see a sheep napping in the field, don’t be surprised if its eyes are wide open and alert.

Sheep facts #9: Sheep can remember 50 other sheep for years.

Amazingly, sheep can remember 50 other sheep for years. They can do this because they have excellent long-term memory.

There are several theories about how sheep can achieve this. One theory is that they use mental maps. Mental maps are mental representations of the environment. They help animals remember where they have been and where they need to go.

Another theory is that sheep use associative learning. This means that they associate certain features with certain other sheep. For example, they might associate a particular bleat with a particular friend. Whatever the mechanism, it’s clear that sheep have impressive long-term memory.

Sheep facts #10: There are over 200 breeds of sheep.

There are over 200 breeds of sheep in the world. That’s a lot of different types of sheep! Each breed has its unique characteristics. Some breeds are used for wool production, while others are raised for meat.

Some of the most popular sheep breeds include the Merino, Suffolk, and Hampshire. The Merino is one of the oldest and most widespread breeds of sheep. They are prized for their high-quality wool. The Suffolk is a large, dual-purpose breed that is popular for both its meat and wool. The Hampshire is another popular breed that is known for its meat.

Sheep facts #11: Sheep will find their way home even when transported hundreds of miles away.

As we all know, sheep are bright animals. But did you know that they have an amazing ability to find their way home? Studies have shown that sheep can remember different locations. So, if a sheep gets lost, it will most likely find its way back home by following other members of the flock.

Sheep facts #12: The stomach of a sheep has four compartments.

The stomach of a sheep has four compartments: the reticulum, the omasum, the abomasum, and the rumen. Each compartment has a different function in breaking down the food that the sheep eats.

The reticulum is responsible for breaking down plant fibers. The omasum breaks down water and minerals. The abomasum is responsible for breaking down proteins. The rumen is the largest compartment, and it ferments the food that the sheep eats. This fermentation process breaks down complex carbohydrates into simple sugars that the sheep can use for energy. 

The four compartments of the stomach work together to break down the food that a sheep eats. Without all four compartments working together, the sheep would not be able to digest its food properly and would not get the nutrients it needs. All four compartments are important for a healthy sheep!

Sheep facts #13: Sheep are herbivores and mainly eat grass.

Herbivores are animals that only eat plants, and sheep are no exception. Sheep are quite picky eaters and prefer to graze on short, tender grasses. While they will occasionally nibble on other plants like shrubs or herbs, the vast majority of their diet comes from grass. This is why you often see sheep grazing in fields or on hillsides.

In fact, sheep play a vital role in maintaining grasslands and keeping them healthy. By grazing on the grass, they help to prevent the growth of taller, woody plants. This benefits both the sheep and the ecosystem as a whole.

Sheep facts #14: Sheep have a unique call for each of their babies.

A mother sheep will always know her own lamb by the sound of its bleat. Scientists have discovered that not only do ewes remember the individual calls of their lambs, but they can also distinguish between their own offspring and other lambs.

When a ewe hears a lamb bleating, she will immediately start searching for it if she thinks it is her own. If the lamb belongs to another ewe, she will ignore the call. This amazing ability of sheep has been attributed to their excellent memory and acute hearing.

See also: 17 FUN facts about cows

Sheep facts #15: Some sheep naturally grow wool while other breeds do not produce any wool at all.

Some sheep naturally grow wool while other breeds do not produce any wool at all. The amount of wool a sheep produces depends on the breed, with some producing up to 30 pounds of wool each year.

The growing season for wool is generally late spring through early fall. During this time, the days are longer and there is more sunlight, which helps the sheep grow more wool.

The quality of the wool also depends on the breed of sheep, with some breeds producing finer wool than others.

Sheep facts #16: Sheep live to be about 10 years old in the wild.

The lifespan of a sheep in the wild can vary greatly depending on the environment and conditions in which they live. In general, sheep in the wild tend to have shorter lifespans than those raised on farms.

The average lifespan of a wild sheep is between 5 and 10 years, while the average lifespan of a farm-raised sheep is between 12 and 15 years. 

The main reason for this difference is that sheep on farms are typically cared for and have access to more food and shelter than their wild counterparts. Farm-raised sheep are not as likely to be exposed to predators or other dangers that can shorten their lifespan.

Additionally, the breed of sheep can also impact its lifespan. Some breeds of sheep are known to be hardier and live longer than others.

Sheep facts #17: Lambing season is when most sheep give birth.

Lambing season is a special time of year on the farm. It’s when ewes give birth to their lambs. This usually happens in the early spring or late winter months depending upon where you live.

Sheep facts #18: Most adult sheep can run at a speed of 20-25 km/h.

Most adult sheep can sustain a running speed of 20-25 km/h for at least several minutes. However, their top speed is much higher, around 70 km/h. This high-top speed is only possible in short bursts and is usually used to escape from predators.

When running at high speeds, sheep use a bounding gait, where their feet touch the ground in quick succession. This allows them to cover more ground with each stride and maintain their speed for longer periods.

Sheep facts #19: The world’s largest sheep is the Australian merino sheep.

The Australian merino sheep is the world’s largest sheep. It can weigh up to 200 pounds and can be as tall as six feet.


Whether you’re a zoologist, a biologist, a farmer, or just someone intrigued by farm animals, there’s no doubt that a little bit of sheep knowledge doesn’t hurt. Hopefully, you found these sheep facts interesting and entertaining.

If you want to learn more about farm animals, read this article about cows or this one about pigs. See just how much more there is to learn about these beautiful creatures. And if you want to learn why a lot of people consider going vegan for the animals, click here.

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